It is also known as Dhana Trayodashi in Marathi and Dhanteras in Nepali and Hindi. It is celebrated on the 13th lunar day according to the Hindu calendar.
Dhanteras Date in 2019
The word “Dhan” signifies wealth. On this auspicious day, Hindus buy gold or silver jewellery and utensils or appliances. This day is considered one of the best days to buy gold or silver. The day is significant because the powerful Goddess Lakshmi came out from the ocean of milk while the Gods and demons were churning the ocean. Therefore, on this day Goddess Lakshmi is worshipped with full of devotion. It is actually the first day celebration of the five days long Diwali. The day brings home a lot of prosperity and destiny.
History of Dhanteras
There is an interesting legend associated with this auspicious day. One of the most famous stories is a 16-year old son of the King Hima. He was forecasted his death by the snake bite on the 4th day of his marriage. His clever wife tried to overcome the problem by keeping her husband awake all night that day. She made a heap of gold and silver on the doorway of her bedroom and lightened the room with lamps. She recited a tale to keep his husband awake at that night.
The God Yama arrived in the form of Serpent but he could not manager to enter the room because his eyes were started dazzling due to the light of lamps and jewellery. The serpent tried to cross the heap of jewellery but he was enchanted with the signing of the prince’s wife and sat down whole night there. The night was over and Yama returned without taking the prince. That is how she saved her husband life and the day was celebrated as Dhanteras.
Dhanteras Pujan Vidhi
At this great day, people generally clean their home and decorate the interior and exterior with Rangolis, clay diyas and many traditions are followed.
This is the onset of Diwali, so many like to stick footprints of Goddess Lakshmi to welcome wealth and prosperity to their home.
In the evening time, after sunset, people pray Goddess Durga and Lord Ganesha with sweets, diyas, garlands of roses, lotus flower, agarbatti etc…
People devote themselves in remembering the Goddess Lakshmi and chant mantras.
According to rituals, the day is good to buy silver coins, gold coins or any new things. Purchasing a new thing on this day is considered bringing home the Goddess Lakshmi.
Many villagers in India do worship of their cattle during the day as they consider the cattle as a main source of income.
In some places of India, there are seven different cereals worshipped on Dhanteras including wheat, gram, urad, barley, moong, masoori.